Referendum is a nation-wide polling to decide issues of particular significance for the state, which is conducted on the whole territory of Georgia.
A referendum shall be called by the President of Georgia by a decree, which requires the countersignature of the Prime-Minister of Georgia, except for the cases, when the referendum is called upon the request of the Government of Georgia.
The President of Georgia shall call a referendum upon the request of the Parliament of Georgia, Government of Georgia, not less than 200 000 voters, within 30 days of the receipt of the request to hold a referendum.
Referendum cannot be held:
- For adoption or abolishing a law;
- For amnesty or pardon;
- On ratification and denunciation of International Treaties and Agreements;
- On issues, which restrain the fundamental constitutional rights and freedoms of individuals;
Referendum issue shall be deemed to be positively resolved in case more than half of the referendum participants have voted in its favor.
The decision made as a result of the referendum shall be enforced from the date of its publication; it shall have a legal force and is final. The results of a referendum have a direct force.
A decision made as a result of the referendum can be changed or abolished only by holding another referendum. The results of a referendum can be announced invalid by the procedures defined by the Law of the Constitutional Court of Georgia. Prime Minister of Georgia shall call the plebiscite.
Plebiscite is a nation-wide polling by secret suffrage for identifying the opinion of voters or the part of voters on issues of essential importance for the state, results of which bear a recommendation character for the government bodies of the state.