Referendum is a nation-wide polling to decide issues of particular significance for the state, which is conducted on the whole territory of Georgia.
A referendum shall be called by the President of Georgia by a decree, which requires the cosigning of the Prime-Minister of Georgia, except for the cases, when the referendum is called upon the request of the Government of Georgia.
The President of Georgia shall call a referendum upon the request of the Parliament of Georgia, Government of Georgia, or not less than 200 000 voters, within 30 days of the receipt of the request to appoint a referendum.
Referendum cannot be held:
- For adoption or abolishing a law;
- For amnesty or pardon;
- On ratification of international agreements or denunciation;
- On issue, which restrains the fundamental constitutional rights of individual;
Referendum issue shall be deemed to be positively resolved in case more than half of the referendum participants have voted in its favor. The number of votes recorded on invalid ballot papers shall not be included in the number of votes cast in the referendum.
The decision made as a result of the referendum shall be enforced from the date of its publication; it shall have a legal force and is final. The results of a referendum have a direct force.
A decision made as a result of the referendum can be changed or abolished only by holding another referendum. The results of a referendum can be announced invalid by the procedures defined by the Law of the Constitutional Court of Georgia. Prime Minister of Georgia shall call the plebiscite.
Plebiscite is a nation-wide polling by secret ballot for identifying the opinion of voters or part of voters concerning especially important national issues, results of which are of recommendatory character for the public authorities; Prime-minister of Georgia appoints the plebiscite.